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Shahbazi F, Mirtorabi D, Ghadirzadeh M, Ghoreishi S, Hashemi Nazari S. Epidemiological Study of Mortality Rate From drug Abuse in Referential Bodies to Legal Medicine Organization in Iran in 2013-2014 . irje. 2018; 1111
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5805-en.html
1- 1. MSc Candidate of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- 2. Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Iran
3- 3. Assistant professor of Epidemiology, Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Saeedh_1999@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1075 Views)
Background and purpose: Drug abuse is one of the medical, social, economic and cultural problem in the present era that increase morbidity, mortality and disability among addicts. Iran due to its adjacency to major centers of opiate drug production has severe and critical condition. Therefore epidemiological study are essential for comprehensive management of drug abuse disorders.      
Material and Methods: In this descriptive and cross-sectional study, demographic and epidemiological data about all people who cause of deaths was drug abuse in 2013-14 (1392 hejri) were extracted by two checklist. Data was then analyzed in SPSS software.
Result: 2957 death occurred in during the study period. Most deaths occured in unmarried young male with low income and education level. The mean age of the subjects was 36.6  12.81 years.The mortality rate from opiate and psychoactive abuse in whole country was 53.28 per 1000000 population. The most commonly used drug in the study population were opium, crystal and heroin respectively. Hamedan, Lorestan and Zanjan provinces with the mortality rate of 150, 101 and 80.06 per 1,000,000 people had the highest mortality due to drug abuse.
Conclusion: Training programs and harm reduction approaches such as methadone treatment and naloxone distribution programs should be designed in high risk groups to reduce mortality associated with drug abuse.
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/11/12 | Accepted: 2017/11/12 | Published: 2017/11/12

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