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Mehdipour S, Zolala F, Hoseininejad M, Hoseininejad R, Najafi E, Farrokhnia M, et al . Factors associated with hospitalization in patients with H1N1 influenza in Afzalipour Hospital in Kerman, 1394. irje. 2014; 1111
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5864-en.html
1- Instructor, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch; Phd student in Health in disaster and Emergencies, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
2- Associate Professor, Biostatistics and Epidemiology Department, Health school, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
3- Instructor, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch; Phd student in Health in disaster and Emergencies, Kerman University of Medical Sciences , maryam.hosseininejad@gmail.com
4- Phd student in Epidemiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
5- Ms student in Epidemiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
6- Assistant professor in Infectious Disease, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
7- Nurse, Afzalipour Hospital of kerman
8- Ms student in Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery School, Kerman University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (108 Views)
 Background & Objectives: Evidence suggests that underlying diseases increase the severity of the influenza and lead to hospitalization or death. This study was conducted to determine the risk factors associated with hospitalization of patients in Afzalipour Hospital in Kerman during an outbreak of H1N1 influenza in December 2013.
Methods: This study was a case-control study. The case group was 85 patients who were hospitalized for influenza and the control group included 51 patients who had flu-like symptoms and were discharge after checking on them. The data were collected from both groups on a daily basis for two weeks. For data analysis, descriptive analysis, logistic regression analysis, Lasso Regression and likelihood Ratio Test were used. The analysis was performed using the stata version 12 and R softwares.
 Results: Among the variables examined, after the removal of additional variables, 12 variables were introduced into the multivariate regression. The history of pulmonary disease increased more than 11 times (OR = 11.6, Pvalue = 0.003) and diabetes increased 9 times (OR = 9 Pvalue = 0.01) the chance of hospitalization following an influenza disease.
Conclusions:  Underlying disease and factors play a major role in exacerbating the disease. Therefore, the health system should take the necessary preventive measures, at the time of the outbreak of diseases, including the flu.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/02/7 | Accepted: 2018/02/7 | Published: 2018/02/7

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