Volume 5, Number 2 (22 2009)                   irje 2009, 5(2): 11-18 | Back to browse issues page


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Farivar F, Heshmat R, Azemati B, Abbaszadeh Ahranjani S, Keshtkar A, Sheykholeslam R et al . Understanding Knowledge about, General Attitudes toward and Practice of Nutrition Behavior in the Iranian Population. irje. 2009; 5 (2) :11-18
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-112-en.html

Abstract:   (9258 Views)
Background and Objectives: Lack of nutritional knowledge is one of the most important reasons of nutritional problems worldwide and consequently, improper practice which can lead to several complications such as: malnutrition and non-contagious diseases. This study has been designed to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practices of the urban households regarding practical principals of nutrition in Boushehr, Golestan, and Sistan & Balouchestan provinces in 2004.
Methods: Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practice of urban households towards practical principals of nutrition in mentioned provinces was carried out by this cross sectional study. The sampling method at the level of the households in each province was the single-stage cluster sampling with equal size clusters. The necessary data were gathered with a structured questionnaire and via the interviews between the questioners and the eligible people in each household.
Results: A total of 1154 individuals were participated in this survey. Approximately seventy percent of individuals were aware about having basic four food groups and 45% of them were also aware of role of food group in human body. Majority of people had acceptable attitudes toward nutrition. Based on standard criteria consumption of meat was rare and consumption of fish was in medium level, legumes in high level, fruits and vegetables, milk & dairy products were in acceptable level. Consumption of carbonated beverages, junk foods and sugar were in high level.
Conclusion: The findings of this study imply a need for effective implementation of nutritional community interventions by health policy makers in Iranian health systems.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2008/09/10 | Accepted: 2009/04/25 | Published: 2013/09/17

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