Volume 3, Number 3 and 4 (18 2008)                   irje 2008, 3(3 and 4): 15-20 | Back to browse issues page


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Salek S, Masjedi M, Salek S, Emami H. Incidence Rate of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Different Ethnicities in Golestan Province from 1999 to 2003. irje. 2008; 3 (3 and 4) :15-20
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-157-en.html

Abstract:   (10850 Views)
Background & Objectives: Over the last few years, the province of Golestan has ranked second among all Iranian provinces in terms of TB prevalence after Sistan and Balochestan. The present study was done with the aim of evaluating the incidence of TB among different ethnic groups residing in Golestan.
Methods: In a descriptive study, all TB patients including sputum smear-positive and negative, extra-pulmonary, and milliary cases were evaluated from 1999 to 2003. The incidence of all types of TB was compared among different ethnicities in the province.
Results: Forty-seven percent of the 2773 cases registered for Golestan Province in the Communicable Disease Control Center from1999 to 2003 were male. As regards the type of disease, 62.7% of the cases were sputum smear-positive, 16.4% were smear-negative, 20.7% had extra-pulmonary disease, and 0.1% were milliary TB cases. The incidence rate of all types of TB was 36 per 100000 population and the rate did not show any significant changes over the study period. As for the ethnic distribution of the cases, more than 50% of all TB cases were observed among Sistanis and Baluches, who together account for only 20% of all Golestan residents. The incidence in Sistanis was ten times that in Turks and Kurds, six times that in Persians, 4 times the rate in Torkamans, and 2.5 times that in Afghans living in the same region.
Conclusions: The incidence rate of tuberculosis was significantly different among various ethnicities of Golestan province, being highest in Sistanis.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2007/10/28 | Accepted: 2008/02/23 | Published: 2013/09/7

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