Volume 3, Number 1 and 2 (21 2007)                   irje 2007, 3(1 and 2): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page


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Mehrabi S, Delavari A, Moradi G, Esmailnasab E N, Pooladi A, Alikhani S et al . Smoking among 15-to 64-Year-Old Iranian People in 2005. irje. 2007; 3 (1 and 2) :1-9
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-165-en.html

Abstract:   (9607 Views)

Background & Objectives: Tobacco smoking is known to cause a huge burden of disease throughout the world: smoking is responsible for 4 million deaths per year. This study is performed in order to fill the existing gaps in information regarding current trends for lifestyle and tobacco-related disease in Iran.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study performed with the help of a questionnaire and using a multi-stage cluster sampling method. The final sample size, after the screening of the data, was 84706 out of 89457 records.
Results: From a total of 84706 people in this study, 49.7% were men, 52% were uneducated and 64.8% cane from urban areas 79.9% did not smoke, 15.3% smoked actively, 2.1% were non-active smokers and 2.7% were ex-smokers. The prevalence of smoking was higher in people aged 35 to 64 years (P<0.001). Quitting rates increased with age, especially in women (P<0.001). Smoking was more prevalent in men (P<0.001) and in rural areas (P<0.001). The average number of cigarettes smoked per day was 14.69. Smoking prevalence was lower among adults with higher levels of education compared to those with lower education levels (P<0.001).
Conclusions: This nationwide survey provides a baseline for future longitudinal studies of smoking in Iran. There is a need for effective smoking prevention and cessation programs with a focus on the young population.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2007/05/12 | Accepted: 2007/07/31 | Published: 2013/09/7

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