Volume 3, Number 1 and 2 (21 2007)                   irje 2007, 3(1 and 2): 19-24 | Back to browse issues page


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Moghimi Dehkordi B, Rajaeefard A, Tabatabaee H, Zeighami B, Safaee A, Tabeie Z. Modeling Survival Analysis in Gastric Cancer Patients Using the Proportional Hazards Model of Cox. irje. 2007; 3 (1 and 2) :19-24
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-167-en.html

Abstract:   (11717 Views)

Background & Objectives: Cancer has been traditionally regarded as a fatal disease it is a major public health problem in many countries throughout the world. In recent years, cancer morbidity and mortality has increased in our country and notably stomach cancer now ranks second or third among all cancers types with regard to morbidity.
Methods: Our study included all gastric cancer patients registered in the cancer registry of Fars province. The patients' survival status was followed using phone calls and death records from hospitals, other medical centers, and the city's cemetery. Data analysis involved the use of the nonparametric Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models and was performed with the software package SPSS V.13.
Results: Of the 442 patients with gastric cancer, 303 cases (68.6 percents) were male, and the mean age of patients was 58.41 years (SD=14.46). In univariate analysis with the KM method, a statistically significant association was found between survival rates and the following factors: age at diagnosis (P<0.001), tumor grade (P=0.009), presence of metastases (P<0.001), and type of the initial treatment (P=<0.001). Factors without a significant relationship with the survival rate included sex, ethnicity, weight, BMI, tobacco use, history of cancer in close or distant relatives, place of residence, number of children, marital status, occupation, and income. In Cox regression, only age at diagnosis, tumor grade, and the presence of metastases showed a significant association with survival rates.
Conclusions: Our results imply that early detection of cancer at a lower age and in lower tumor grades could be important for increasing the patients' life expectancy.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2007/06/26 | Accepted: 2007/09/15 | Published: 2013/09/7

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