Volume 2, Number 1 and 2 (23 2006)                   irje 2006, 2(1 and 2): 1-6 | Back to browse issues page


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Vahdaninia M, Montazeri A. Socio-Economic Health Inequalities and their Indices in Epidemiologic Studies. irje. 2006; 2 (1 and 2) :1-6
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-190-en.html

Abstract:   (13851 Views)
The term "health inequalities" is not a descriptive one: it refers to discrepancies in morbidity and mortality, life expectancy, disability life adjusted years, etc that are due to differences in such factors as socioeconomic status, gender and race/ethnicity. Socio-economic inequalities are the differences in health status (e.g. disease prevalence and incidence rates) across various socio-economic groups. In Europe, measuring socio-economic health inequalities has long been a major research topic. However, there have been relatively few experimental studies in Asia, especially in developing countries. In the social context, measurement of socio-economic status is based on income, educational level and employment status. Stratifying the socio-economic groups based on a hierarchy identifies the pattern of morbidity and mortality in each socio-economic stratum. It also shows the exact relationship between socio-economic status and health. The main data sources for determination of population health status and measuring health inequalities are registries and cross-sectional surveys. It seems that monitoring, prevention and evaluation of health inequalities, especially with a focus on socio-economic level has been neglected in developing countries, including Iran. Due to the lack of formal registries on population health status in these countries, designing cross-sectional and population-based studies would be a useful approach in the prevention and monitoring of health inequalities.
Full-Text [PDF 1066 kb]   (2520 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2006/05/7 | Accepted: 2006/10/3 | Published: 2013/09/18

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