Volume 8, Number 1 (20 2012)                   irje 2012, 8(1): 54-61 | Back to browse issues page


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Asgharzadeh S, Holakouie Naieni K, Ardalan A, Ahmadnezhad E, Zaeri S. Deaths and Injuries due to the Earthquake in 2010 Damghan's Earthquake: A Case Study. irje. 2012; 8 (1) :54-61
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-20-en.html

1- , holakoik@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (8904 Views)

Background & Objectives: Earthquakes cause thousands of deaths and injuries worldwide every year. Islamic Republic of Iran has a deadly history of earthquakes. The aim of this study is to describe injuries rate, causes of injuries, structural characteristics of buildings and occupant actions immediately after earthquake in Damghan in 2010.
Methods: This case-study was conducted one week after occurring the earthquake in five villages of Damghan city in Iran. We used the Physical Injuries Assessment Questionnaire which was particularly designed for injuries after earthquakes. Also for acquiring information about region and amount of losses, some interviews was conduct with local authorities.
Results: Four death and fifty six injuries occurred in five villages of Damghan city. There were three types of injuries including superficial injuries (50%), contusions (35%) and fractures (10%). The findings of this study indicating building structural failure (87.4%), nonstructural factors (7.1%) and trapping (5.3%) seems the most possible cause of injuries in this region.
Conclusion: This study showed that the building structural failure is the main cause of injuries (87.4%). Increasing structural resistance of building especially in village regions and education about earthquake preparedness should encourage in order decreasing the total number of people affected by earthquake.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/05/21 | Accepted: 2011/08/27 | Published: 2013/09/17

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