Volume 7, Number 4 (16 2012)                   irje 2012, 7(4): 9-18 | Back to browse issues page


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Azimi S, Khalili D, Hadaegh F, Mehrabi Y, Yavari P, Azizi F. Direct Estimate of Population Attributable Fraction of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases: Tehran Glucose and Lipid Study. irje. 2012; 7 (4) :9-18
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-26-en.html

Abstract:   (9984 Views)

Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA Background & Objectives: Cardiovascular disease is the first cause of death and third place in disease burden in Iran. This study estimates population attributable fraction (PAF) of cardiovascular risk factors in Tehran population. PAF is one of the important parameters of measuring population affect of risk factors and evaluating potential impact of preventive strategies in community level.
Methods: In this study 5868 participants above 30 years old of Tehran lipid and glucose study (TLGS) were employed and 501 CVD events detected during 10 years follow-up. Direct estimate of adjusted PAFs using logistic regression which is one of less biased exist methods of PAF calculation were applied.
Results: Highest modifiable cardiovascular risk factor PAFs, in sequence, was smoking (14.16%), hypertension (11.73%), diabetes (7.32%), hypercholesterolemia (6.85%) and central obesity (5.91%) for men, and hypertension (19.25%), diabetes (18.82%), central obesity(9.88%) and hypercholesterolemia (7.95%), for women. Also PAF of hazardous age and premature family history of CVD, as most important nonmodifiable CVD risk factors, were 36.09%, 16.61% and 3.95%, 7.56% for men and women respectively.
Conclusion: According to the difference of risk factors PAFs ranking in men and women, it is suitable that CVD preventive interventions to be prioritized by sex separately. In this regard, besides special attention to control tobacco use in men, hypertension and diabetes in both sexes and high cholesterol in men and central obesity in women respectively, should be given in priority of preventive strategies.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2011/04/23 | Accepted: 2011/07/23 | Published: 2013/08/21

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