Volume 9, Number 2 (Vol 9, No 2, Summer 2013 2013)                   irje 2013, 9(2): 50-58 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Noorkojuri H, Hajizadeh E, Baghestani A, Pourhoseingholi M. Application of Fractional Polynomial Model for Determining Prognostic Factors Associated with Survival of Patients with Gastric Cancer. irje. 2013; 9 (2) :50-58
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5067-en.html

1- Department of Biostatistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , hajizadeh@modares.ac.ir
3- Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Biostatistics, Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (7722 Views)
Background & Objectives: Cox regression model is one of the statistical methods in survival analysis. The use of smoothing techniques in Cox model makes the more accurate estimates for the parameters. Fractional polynomial is one of these techniques in Cox model. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of prognostic factors on survival of patients with gastric cancer using the fractional polynomial in Cox model and Cox proportional hazards.
Methods: Information of total of 216 patients with gastric cancer who underwent surgery in the gastroenterology ward of Taleghani Hospital in Tehran between 2003 and 2008 were included in this retrospective study. In this research, fractional polynomial in Cox model and Cox proportional hazards model were utilized for determining the effects of prognostic factors on patients’ survival time with gastric cancer. The SPSS version 18.0 and R version 2.14.1 were used for data analysis. These models were compared with Akaike information criterion.
 Results: The analysis of Cox proportional hazards and fractional polynomial models resulted in age at diagnosis and tumor size as prognostic factors on survival time of patients with gastric cancer independently (P<0.05). Also, Akaike information criterion was equal in both models.
Conclusion: In the present study, the Cox proportional hazards and fractional polynomial models led to similar results with equal Akaike information criterions. Using of smoothing methods helped us eliminate non-linear effects but it seemed more appropriate to use Cox proportional hazards model in medical data because of its’ ease of interpretation and capability of modeling in both continuous and discrete covariates.
Full-Text [PDF 1574 kb]   (1845 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2012/06/30 | Accepted: 2013/01/26 | Published: 2013/10/8

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2017 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb