Volume 11, Number 2 (Vol 11, No 2 2015)                   irje 2015, 11(2): 61-68 | Back to browse issues page


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Mokhayeri Y, Haghdoost A, Mahmoudi M, Asadi-Lari M, Hashemi Nazari S, Taravat Manesh S, et al . Estimating the Life expectancy Using Multiple Decrement Life Tables in Tehran – 2010 Abstract. irje. 2015; 11 (2) :61-68
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5392-en.html

1- PhD student in Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
2- MD, PhD, Research Center for Modeling in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3- PhD, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran,
4- MD, PhD, FRIPH, Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran & Oncopathology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Assistant professor of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran & Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
6- MSc student in Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7- PhD, Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iranian Epidemiological Association, Tehran, Iran , holakoin@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5110 Views)

Background & Objectives: Measuring the impact of various diseases on Life Expectancy( LE) is an important step toward prioritization in health. The present study was conducted to measure the impact of heart diseases, neoplasm, and respiratory diseases on life expectancy (LE) in 2010.

Methods: Data on death and population for all 22 districts of Tehran were obtained from the main cemetery of Tehran and statistical center of Iran, respectively. Age-specific mortality rates and consequently LE were calculated for all 22 districts and both genders. Finally, the death probability assuming complete elimination of the diseases was calculated and the resulting life tables were obtained.

Results: The LE at birth was estimated 74.6 and 78.4 years for total males and females in Tehran, respectively. The maximum and minimum LE at birth was 80 years in females and 72.7 years in males, respectively. Assuming complete elimination of heart diseases, the LE increased to 82.39 and 85.51 years in males and females, respectively while complete elimination of neoplasm resulted in an increase in LE to 76.27 years in men and 80.49 years in women. Finally, elimination of respiratory diseases increased the LE of men to 75.98 years and the LE of women to 79.97 years.

Conclusion: The results indicated the high impact of the diseases on LE, especially the heart diseases. As a main result, LE will upgrade to more focus on this category. 

Full-Text [PDF 313 kb]   (1386 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2015/11/22 | Accepted: 2015/11/22 | Published: 2015/11/22

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