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Enayatrad M, Etemad K, Khodakarim S, Yavari P. The Investigate Relationship the Incidence of Colorectal Cancer and the Human Development Index in Iran: An Ecologic Study. irje. 2014; 1111
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5706-en.html

1- 1. Graduate Student of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- 2. Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- 3. Professor, Department of Health & Community Medicine, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , P.yavari-grc@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1121 Views)

Background and Objectives: Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the fifth cause of cancer mortality in the Iran. This study aimed to determine the incidence of colorectal cancer in men and women and its relationship with human development index (HDI) and its components in Iran provinces.

Methods: This study was an ecological study for assessing the correlation between age-specific incidence of colorectal cancer in men and women with Human Development Index; we used data from cancer registry and national center for statistic. We used bivariate correlation method for assessment the correlation between ASR and HDI. Level of significance was assumed if P< 0.05. All reported P-values are two-sided. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS (Version 23).

Results:  The highest incidence of colorectal cancer in men, respectively, in Tehran (78/16), Eastern Azerbaijan (41/14), Semnan (62/13) and the highest incidence of colorectal cancer in women, respectively in Tehran (47/18), Semnan (80/14) and Eastern Azerbaijan (82/12) have been reported. The results showed that the incidence of colorectal cancer in men (r = 0.605) and women (r = 0.661) There is a positive correlation with the Human Development Index; this relationship is statistically significant (p  0.001).

Conclusions: Considering the high incidence of colorectal cancer in the province that higher human development index. Therefore, the incidence of cancer by the Human Development Index and its components can be used to show a clearer picture of the distribution of cancer in each country be useful and be used for cancer prevention.

     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/07/5 | Accepted: 2017/07/5 | Published: 2017/07/5

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