Volume 14, Issue 2 (Vol.14, No.2, 2018)                   irje 2018, 14(2): 105-115 | Back to browse issues page

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Goodarzi E, Moradi G, Khosravi A, Esmailnasab N, Nouri B, Delpisheh A, et al . Investigation of Status of Socioeconomic Inequalities in Satisfaction with Life in Women Aged 15-54 in Iran. irje. 2018; 14 (2) :105-115
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6033-en.html
1- MSc Student in Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
2- Associate Professor, PhD in Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran , moradi_gh@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Heath Promotion Centre, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Teheran, Iran
4- Professor, PhD in Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
5- Assistant Professor, PhD in Biostatistics, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
6- Professor, PhD in Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Ilam University of Medical Science, Ilam, Iran
7- Assistant Professor, PhD, in Epidemiology, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
8- Associate Professor, PhD in Biostatistics, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Abstract:   (1010 Views)
Background and Objectives: Life satisfaction is one of the important dimensions of health, which is influenced by health determinants. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of socioeconomic inequalities in satisfaction with life in women aged 15-54 in Iran.
 
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, randomized multistage cluster sampling with equal clusters was done to select the participants. A total of 35,305 women aged 15-55 were enrolled in the study. Data analysis was done in two stages. In the first stage, social and economic inequalities were investigated using the concentration index and concentration curve method. In the second stage, a multilevel method was used to identify the determinants.
 
Results: The mean life satisfaction was 12.81±4.23. The concentration index for dissatisfaction with life was -0.06 [95% CI: -0.1, -0.02], indicating dissatisfaction with life in low socioeconomic groups. The results of multilevel analysis showed that age, marital status, occupation, place of living, education, and the economic class correlated with dissatisfaction with life in women (P<0.05).
 
Conclusion: There is inequality in dissatisfaction with life. Dissatisfaction is concentrated in the poorer groups of the society and varies in different provinces. Socioeconomic variables affect inequality in satisfaction with life in women, which need to be addressed to reduce inequalities.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/09/25 | Accepted: 2018/09/25 | Published: 2018/09/25

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