Volume 5, Issue 4 (11 2010)                   irje 2010, 5(4): 14-20 | Back to browse issues page

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Azemati B, Heshmat R, Keshtkar A, Bagheri M, Sheykholeslam R, Nadim A. Comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Urban and Rural Households Towards Nutritional Factors Related to Osteoporosis and Osteopenia. irje. 2010; 5 (4) :14-20
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-97-en.html
Abstract:   (10324 Views)
Background & Objectives: The aim of this study was carried out to compare knowledge, attitude and practice of urban and rural households towards osteopenia and osteoporosis in Golestan, Sistan & Balouchestan and Boushehr provinces in Iran.
Methods: single-stage cluster sampling was used. The questions about knowledge about, attitude toward and practice of nutritional factors related to osteopenia and osteoporosis were asked by a structured interview.
Results: A total of 2306 households have been selected as overall sample size. Knowledge level of urban households about calcium as a preventive factor of osteoporosis & osteopenia was more in Sistan & Balouchestan, Golestan and Boushehr provinces. Knowledge level of urban households about calcium food courses: (Milk, Yogurt, Cheese and Dairy alternatives) was also better than that of rural habitants (P<0.01). Urban residents' attitude toward osteoporosis compared to rural residents was better (P 0.01>). Consumption of pasteurized milk had been paid more attention in urban households (P<0.001). The difference of daily milk intake in rural and urban households with pregnant or lactating women was not significant. Exposure of infant to sun as preventive factor was not satisticaly significant between rural and urban habitants.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of rural households toward osteoporosis and osteopenia was weaker than urban households.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2009/05/23 | Accepted: 2009/08/29 | Published: 2013/09/3

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