Volume 1, Issue 3 And 4 (25 2006)                   irje 2006, 1(3 And 4): 27-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Holakouie Naieni K, Fotouhi A, Borhani M, Pooya B. Risk Factors for Malnutrition in 6- to 30-Months Old Children Seen at Health Centers in Hormozgan Province. irje 2006; 1 (3 and 4) :27-32
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-194-en.html
Abstract:   (25146 Views)
Background and objectives: Malnutrition is a major health problem in Iran. A nationwide survey (ANIS) in 1998 revealed that over 800 000 children in this country were suffering from moderate or severe malnutrition. The southern province of Hormozgan is one of the most severely affected regions, so there is a need to determine disease associations and risk factors for child malnutrition in this area.
Methods: In this case-control study, we selected 1725 children aged 6 to 30 months from both rural and urban areas of Hormozgan. Data for the study were obtained by filling questionnaires and studying family health files. Using the weight-for-age Z score (WAZ) as outcome measure, we examined the effects of 21 different variables, including putative risk factors, confounders, and background variables.
Results: Father's job (p<0.004), parents' education, interval between pregnancies, urban versus rural residence (p<0.001), family size (p<0.03), and misconceptions regarding the growth chart were recognized as risk factors for malnutrition. Moreover, the mean age of the cases was 2.3 years higher than that of the controls (p<0.001). Complete vaccination (p<0.018) and attending day care centers (p<0.005) emerged as protective factors.
Conclusions: Poverty (low-income jobs, rural residence, large family size, etc) is an important factor causing malnutrition among children in Hormozgan. In contrast, immunization and mother's knowledge of the child's growth chart are major protective factors. Therefore, the health system must continue its support for the current immunization program. It should also try to improve the quality of its health education programs targeted at mothers attending state-run health and medical clinics
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2006/03/14 | Accepted: 2006/04/13 | Published: 2013/09/24

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