Volume 7, Issue 2 (19 2011)                   irje 2011, 7(2): 30-37 | Back to browse issues page

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Shojae zadeh D, Mehrab baic A, Mahmoodi M, Salehi L. To Evaluate of Efficacy of Education based on Health Belief Model on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among Women with Low Socioeconomic Status Regarding Osteoporosis Prevention. irje 2011; 7 (2) :30-37
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-49-en.html
Abstract:   (15750 Views)
Background & Objectives: Osteoporosis is major public health concern affecting millions of adults particularly older adults and women worldwide. Designing effective educational intervention is principle in any health promotion program. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an educational intervention based on health belief model on knowledge about, attitudes toward and practice of prevention osteoporosis among women with low socioeconomic status in Isfahan.
Methods: The study population consisted of 14 women with low socioeconomic status and under 60 years old. A valid and reliable questionnaire developed and used as measurement tool for initial and final assessments in this program. In addition calcium intake and vitamin D, physical activity and exposure to the sun were assessed.
Results: The mean age of the participants were 40.8 ± 10.52 years. The mean score of all parts of health belief model (except for perceived barriers), knowledge, sun exposure, and physical activity after educational intervention compared to before intervention, were increased significantly. There was no statistically significant difference between daily calcium and vitamin D intake before and after intervention.
Conclusion: It is concluded that the HBM Model– based educational program on Knowledge and belief regarding Osteoporosis prevention seems practical and effective. However more research should be done to find out more effective intervention regarding optimal calcium and vitamin D intake.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/04/21 | Accepted: 2011/02/26 | Published: 2013/08/21

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