Volume 9, Issue 4 (3-2014)                   irje 2014, 9(4): 75-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Amiri Parsa T, Khademosharie M, Hamedinia M, Azarnive M. Evaluation of the Factors Associated with Overweight and Obesity in 30- to 50-year-old Women of Sabzevar. irje 2014; 9 (4) :75-83
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5159-en.html
1- MSc, Department of Exercise Physiology, Hakim University of Sabzevar, Sabzevar, Iran , amiritayebe@yahoo.com
2- Phd´s student of exercise physiology, Kermansha University, Ian
3- Professor of exercise physiology, Hakim University of Sabzevar, Iran
4- Lecturer of Department of Physical Education, University of Zabol, Iran
Abstract:   (14744 Views)
Background & Objectives: Obesity is associated with increased resistance to insulin, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperinsulinemia, and cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate some factors associated with overweight and obesity among normal, overweight, and obese women aged 30 to 50 years from Sabzevar.
Methods: A questionnaire with 56 questions was prepared. The Beck questionnaire was used to measure the physical activity level. Weight, height, and waist circumference of the participants were measured using standard methods. Overweight (BMI ≥25 kg/m2), obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m) and abdominal obesity (WHR ≥0.85) were also evaluated. MANOVA, Tukey post-hoc test, Pearson and Spearman correlation coefficients, Kruskal-Wallis and chi-square test were used for the statistical analysis of test variables. P ≤0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The results showed that 22.5% of women had normal weight, 42.4 percent were overweight, 31.6 percent were obese, and only 3.5 percent of women were underweight.
Conclusion: Our results showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 74% in women living in Sabzevar, indicating the necessity of using educational methods to familiarize people, especially women, with weight control issues and prevention of obesity. The findings revealed that age, number of children, number of pregnancies, age at menarche, number of family members, working with the computer, and high-fat meals may increase the risk of obesity. Lifestyle modification and physical activity, as the most affordable and safest methods of preventing obesity, require more attention.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2014/05/24 | Accepted: 2014/05/24 | Published: 2014/05/24

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