Volume 13, Issue 1 (Vol 13, No 1, Spring 2017)                   irje 2017, 13(1): 22-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Olfatifar M, Hosseini S, Parvin M. Spatiotemporal Analysis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Hamadan Province Using Population Attributable Risk. irje 2017; 13 (1) :22-29
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5688-en.html
1- مرکزپژوهش دانشجویان ، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران
2- دانشجوی دندان‌پزشکی عمومی، مرکز پژوهش دانشجویان، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی همدان، همدان، ایران
Abstract:   (7869 Views)

Background and Objectives: One of the applications of population attributable risk percent (PAR%) is to estimate the disease burden in a population exposed to several risk factors. Therefore, this study was conducted to estimates the PAR% of the space-time clusters of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Methods: In this study, the data of pulmonary TB cases were obtained from the health department of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. After detecting significant clusters using the spatiotemporal scan statistic, PAR% was used to analyze the clusters and to detect the location of clusters more accurately.

Results: Four primary space-time clusters and three secondary spatiotemporal clusters were detected for patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and 92% of the patients who did not have a clear state in term of HIV infection. Despite differences in the location of clusters and PAR%  attributed to them, the second primary cluster of pulmonary tuberculosis cases (consisting of the cities of Razan, Famenain and Kabudrahang) had the highest amount of PAR% that needs more attention.

Conclusion: The presence of significance spatiotemporal clusters in Hamadan highlights the necessity of the use of PAR% to distinguish cluster areas and to implement prevention and control policy. However, more analytical studies are needed to detect the on the determinants of the occurrence of pulmonary TB.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/06/12 | Accepted: 2017/06/12 | Published: 2017/06/12

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