Volume 13, Issue 3 (Vol.13, No.3, Atumn 2017)                   irje 2017, 13(3): 235-243 | Back to browse issues page

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Farshbaf Manei Sefat F, Abolghasemi A, Barahmand U, Hajloo N. A Survey of Menstruation Pattern and Prevalence of Dysmenorrhea in Ardabil Second High School Students. irje 2017; 13 (3) :235-243
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5821-en.html
1- PHD Student in Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , farnaz.farshbaf@iaurmia.ac.ir
2- Professor in Psychology, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
3- Associate Professor in Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Abstract:   (5274 Views)
Background and Objectives: Menarche is an important issue for teenagers and dysmenorrhea is a common problem in adolescence. This study aimed to determine the menstruation pattern and prevalence of dysmenorrhea in second high school students in the city of Ardabil.
Methods: This research was a cross-sectional study. The study population included all second high school girls in districts one and two of Ardabil in 1394. A sample of 1,600 girls was selected by a two-stage cluster sampling method from 5 schools in district one and 7 schools in district two. A researcher- made questionnaire and a visual analogue scale were used for data collection.
Results: According to the results, the mean age at the first menstruation was 12.88 years. The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 91.9% (95% CI: %90 - %92). Dysmenorrhea was severe in 25% of the girls. The pattern of menstrual characteristics in students showed that 61.2%, 88%, and 93.2% had regular menstrual cycles, normal menstrual bleeding days, and normal duration of the menstrual cycle, respectively. In this research, 84.8% of the girls stated that their activities were affected by menstruation and 29.7% of the girls were absent due to menstrual pain.
Conclusion: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea is high. It is a common problem in adolescent girls which affects their activities and school attendance. Therefore, it is necessary to educate students regarding menstrual hygiene, and menarche pain control methods.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/12/3 | Accepted: 2017/12/3 | Published: 2017/12/3

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