Volume 14, Issue 4 (Vol.14, No.4, 2019)                   irje 2019, 14(4): 404-409 | Back to browse issues page

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Karami Jooshin M, Izanloo H, Saghafipour A, Rezaei F, Asadi Ghalhari M. A Survey of Probable Risk Factors for Cholera Outbreak in Qom, Central Iran, in 2017. irje. 2019; 14 (4) :404-409
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6204-en.html
1- MSc in Epidemiology, Qom Provincial Health Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
2- PhD in Environmental Health, Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
3- Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran , abed.saghafi@yahoo.com
4- Department of Social Medicine, School of Medical , Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran
5- PhD in Environmental Engineering, Research Center for Environmental Pollutants, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iranran
Abstract:   (1090 Views)
Background and Objectives: Cholera is one of the communicable diseases that should be reported immediately as a public health threat. This study was conducted to study the probable risk factors of cholera outbreak in Qom, central Iran, during 2017.
 
Methods: In a case-control study, 37 cholera patients diagnosed based on para - clinical tests and 37 control samples were evaluated. Charts, frequency tables, regression logistic, Chi-square and t-test in SPSS software ver.25 were used for data analysis.
 
Results: The causative agent in the Qom cholera outbreak was Vibrio cholerae serotype Inaba. Most of the patients (54%) were in the age range 21-40 years. Most of the cholera cases were males (87%), Iranians (81%), and school or college students (30%). The peak of the epidemic occurred in the third week of November 2017, coinciding with a religious event. Nearly half of the patients were identified at the cross-border surveillance centers. The most important risk factors for the outbreak were a history of travel to Iraq in order to attend the Arbaeen religious event (95%), (OR=75, P-value<0.001), and a history of consuming unreliable foods and water (94% and 50%, (OR=66, CI=8-410, P-value=0.00 and OR=11, CI=2.7-46)), respectively. 
 
Conclusion: Cross-border surveillance of cholera in common borders with Iraq, especially in the Arbaeen religious event, played a vital role in identifying patients suspected of cholera. The surveillance of communicable diseases should be strengthened when entering and leaving the Arbaeen event.
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/04/16 | Accepted: 2019/04/16 | Published: 2019/04/16

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