Volume 7, Issue 3 (11 2011)                   irje 2011, 7(3): 1-5 | Back to browse issues page

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Namakin K, Sharifzadeh G, Malekizadeh A. To Identify the Risk Factors in Prematurity Birth in Birjand, Iran: A Case – Control Study. irje 2011; 7 (3) :1-5
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-35-en.html
1- , rezamood@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (23960 Views)
Background and Objectives: Preterm birth (PTB) is a major clinical problem which is known to be associated with perinatal mortality and morbidity. The aim of the present study is to identify risk factors associated with PTB in Birjand, Iran.
Methods: One hundred and thirty premature (<37 week) and 130 term newborns were enrolled in this case-control study. It was conducted in Birjand Hospitals during the year 2007. Potential risk factors such as type of delivery, maternal disease, placenta problems, previous history of abortion in mothers, maternal addiction, prenatal care were identified from medical files.
Results: Previous of premature labor (OR=4.68), cesarean section (OR=3.34), pre-eclampsia (OR=7.72), premature rupture of memberanes (OR=11.3), inadequate prenatal care (<4 one) (OR=4.15), and placenta previa (OR=8.96) were found to be risk factors for preterm birth. Polyhydramnios, previous abortion and cervical incompetent with prematurity were not shown to be risk factors for preterm birth.
Conclusion: These findings reinforce the need for control of risk factors of prematurity for better out come.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/08/31 | Accepted: 2011/06/25 | Published: 2013/08/21

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