Volume 7, Issue 3 (11 2011)                   irje 2011, 7(3): 44-51 | Back to browse issues page

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Emamian M, Alami A, Fateh M. Socioeconomic Inequality in Non-Communicable Disease Risk Factors in Shahroud, Iran. irje 2011; 7 (3) :44-51
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-41-en.html
1- , alialami65@hotmail.com
Abstract:   (17431 Views)
Background & Objectives: Non-Communicable disease (NCD) is a main group of diseases which are responsible for a large proportion of the Global Burden of Disease around the world. Although disparities in the NCDs' risk factors can affect the goals of health for all, less attention has been paid so far on this topic. In this study, we investigated socio-economic inequality in the NCDs’ risk factors and evaluated the causes affecting on this inequality in Shahroud, Iran.
Methods: Conducting this survey, we used surveillance data for NCD of 1000 individuals who lived in Shahroud district during 2005. We determine a socio-economic variable which explained social and economic status of the people using Principal Component Analysis. We then evaluated each NCD risk factors at different levels of the socio-economic variable and calculated concentration index for the risk factors. The causes of the inequality were described by decomposition analysis of the concentration indices.
Results: Concentration indices for hypertension, smoking, insufficient physical activity, and unhealthy diet were -0.141, -0.191, -0.046 and -0.091, respectively. Differences of concentration curves of the risk factors from the line of equality were significant but not for diabetes, obesity and high blood cholestrol. Age, being a government employee, being unmarried, living in rural area and low economic status were the most important factors which influence on these inequalities.
Conclusion: Inequality in some NCD risk factors was significant in Shahroud district. More investigations with larger sample size and more appropriate variables to measure socioeconomic status are recommended.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2010/01/2 | Accepted: 2011/04/23 | Published: 2013/08/21

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