Volume 12, Issue 4 (Vol.12, No.4 2017)                   irje 2017, 12(4): 12-21 | Back to browse issues page

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Boluki Z, Bahonar A, Amiri K, Akbarin H, Sharifi H, Akbari Sari A et al . Estimation of Economic Direct Losses due to Livestock Brucellosis in Iran (2003-2014). irje 2017; 12 (4) :12-21
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5616-en.html
1- دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2- استاد اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران , abahonar@ut.ac.ir
3- معاون بهداشت و مدیریت بیماری‌های مشترک دفتر بهداشت و مدیریت بیماری‌های دامی سازمان دامپزشکی کشور تهران، تهران، ایران
4- استادیار اپیدمیولوژی، دانشکده دامپزشکی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
5- دانشیار اپیدمیولوژی، مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت اچ آی وی و بیماری‌های آمیزشی، مرکز همکار سازمان جهانی بهداشت، پژوهشکده آینده پژوهی در سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان
6- دانشیار گروه علوم مدیریت و اقتصاد بهداشت، دانشکده بهداشت دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی تهران، تهران، ایران
7- استادیار گروه بهداشت مواد غذایی، دانشکده دامپزشکی دانشگاه تخصصی فناوری‌های نوین آمل، ایران
Abstract:   (9988 Views)

Background and Objectives: Brucellosis in livestock has led to a significant reduction in the economic capital in Iran. Estimation of the economic losses due to this disease helps to highlight the importance of the disease and makes it easy to justify brucellosis control programs.

Methods: Estimation was done based on the data received from the Iran Veterinary Organization and statistics book of the Iranian Ministry of Agriculture. Economic Loss was estimated assuming the equality of the incidence of the disease in total livestock population with its incidence in tested livestock. The direct costs of culled brucella positive animals, reduced milk production, reduced weight of animal, abortion, and reduced fertility were calculated based on the price of the animal or the product in each year. Due to inflation, the costs were adjusted using the discount rate. Therefore, the losses were compared in each year.

Results: The maximum loss due to brucellosis in the studied period occurred in 2014. Comparison of the losses due to bovine and ovine brucellosis showed that the total economic loss in the sheep and goat population was 5.53 times greater than the loss in the cattle population. Estimation of total economic loss in 12 years of the study was 8,129,116 million IRR (1 USD≅35000 IRR).

Conclusion: More serious attention should be paid to animal brucellosis from both health and economic points of view. Prevention from massive economic losses and human brucellosis control and eradication will not be possible without controlling the disease in the animal population.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2017/01/30 | Accepted: 2017/01/30 | Published: 2017/01/30

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