Volume 13, Issue 4 (VOl 13, No.4, Winter 2018)                   irje 2018, 13(4): 337-345 | Back to browse issues page

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Semironi M, Bahrani M, Fallah Mehrabadi M, Ranjbar N, Absalanfard K, Tangestani Makan M et al . Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Rural Animals of Bushehr Province, Iran during 2012-2014. irje 2018; 13 (4) :337-345
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5911-en.html
1- DVM, Bushehr Veterinary Organization, Bushehr, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran , mhf2480@yahoo.com
3- PhD Student, Department of Food Hygiene & Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran; Department of Poultry Diseases, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4989 Views)
Background and Objectives: Brucellosis is one of the most important zoonosis diseases. The aim was to estimate the seroprevalence of brucellosis in rural cattle, sheep, and goat of Bushehr Province.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2012-2014. For the cattle population, a total of 118 villages and 891 cattle and for sheep and goat population, a total of 202 villages, 526 flocks, 3064 sheep, and 7182 goats were included. Samples were examined with Rose Bengal, 2-mercaptoethanol and wright tests.
Results: In the cattle population, 28 out of 118 villages (20.34%, CI 95%: 13.94%-28.73%) and 20 out of 891 cattle (3.36%, CI 95%:2.28-4.77%) were seropositive. Additionally, in the sheep and goat population, 89 out of 202 villages (44.06%, CI 95%: 37.10%-51.20%), 142 out of 526 flocks (27%, CI 95%: 23.25%-31%), and 335 out of 10246 sheep and goats (3.27%, CI 95%: 2.93%-3.63%) were seropositive.
The prevalence at the individual level of all animals was 3.53%in 2012 which was significantly higher than 2013 ( 2.59%) (P=0.02). Totally, in 3 years, the prevalence of brucellosis in sheep (3.88%) was significantly higher than goats (3%) (P = 0.02) and the prevalence in female animals (3.52%) was significantly higher than male animals (1.58%) (P <0.001).
Conclusion: Due to the reduction of the prevalence, the test and slaughter policy together with the could further reduce and control the spread of the disease in the animal population.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2018/04/18 | Accepted: 2018/04/18 | Published: 2018/04/18

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