Volume 15, Issue 1 (Vol.15, No.1 2019)                   irje 2019, 15(1): 20-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Nasiri N, Sharifi H, Rezaeian M, Sanji Rafsanjani M, Sharifi A, Vazirinejad R. Determining Factors Affecting Deaths Caused by Traffic Accidents in the South of Kerman Province. irje. 2019; 15 (1) :20-28
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6278-en.html
1- Instructor, Deparment of Public Health, School of Public Health, Jiroft University of Medical Sciences, Jiroft, Iran
2- Associate Professor of Epidemiology, HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center For HIV Surveillance, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3- Professor, Deptment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Occupational Environmental Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Deptment of Emergency, Ali Ebn Abitaleb Hospital, Facultyof Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
5- Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Afzalipour School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
6- Professor, Deptment of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Social Determeinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran , rvazirinejad@yahoo.co.uk
Abstract:   (1486 Views)
Background and Objectives: To preventing deaths, it is essential to recognize factors affecting the survival of road accident victims. This study was conducted to identify the factors affecting the mortality of road accident victims.
 
Methods: All pre-emergency mission forms and hospital records of road accident victims were analyzed. The dependent variable was the time interval between the accident and death or discharge from hospital. The forms included demographic variables, accident location, injury status, type of vehicle, type of trauma, mission time, and vital signs.
 
Results: Of 8920 injured persons, death occurred in 143 (95% CI: 0.014-0.019). Being over 65 years (Hazard Ratio (HR) 7.6, 95% CI: 3.14-18.4), accident on the main roads (HR 1.44, 95% CI: 0.6-3.5), tracheal intubation (HR 26.4, 95% CI: 3.05-227.6), a systolic and diastolic blood pressure above 100 (HR 0.4, 95% CI: 0.4-0.12) and 70 mm Hg (HR 0.53, 95% CI: 0.24-1.2), and heart rate>100/min (HR 3.0, 95% CI: 1.7-5.1) were associated with the risk of death.
 
Conclusion: In providing services, age, status of blood pressure, pulse, injury status, and type of trauma can affect the patients’ survival.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2019/08/5 | Accepted: 2019/08/5 | Published: 2019/08/5

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