Volume 15, Issue 3 (Vol.15, No.3 2019)                   irje 2019, 15(3): 235-246 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdalmaleki E, Abdi Z, Goharimehr M, Alvandi R, Riazi Esfahani S, Ahmadnezhad E. A Review of the Methodology and Tools of Childhood & Adolescence Surveillance and Prevention of Adult Non-communicable Disease Survey (CASPIAN) Conducted in Iran. irje. 2019; 15 (3) :235-246
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6383-en.html
1- Researcher, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, National Institute of Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , ahmadnezhad@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1120 Views)
Background and Objectives: Iran has carried out a series of surveys based on the Global school-based student health survey (GSHS) referred to as the CASPIAN. The aim of this paper was to compare the methodology and tools of CASPIAN surveys and to propose recommendations and suggestions for future implementations.
 
Methods: The data of this systematic review study were gathered from the World Health Organization (WHO) documentations, international databases including Pubmed, EMBASE, Scopus, GoogleScholar, and ScienceDirect, and national databases including Magiran, SID, and Irandoc. The search was conducted in both English and Persian (for the time period from 2003 to 2018). The time and place of the study, target population, questionnaire(s), sample size, and sampling method were compared between the surveys.
 
Results: Five rounds of CASPIAN survey were conducted in Iran from 2003 to 2015. The surveys had two sets of questionnaires for students and parents. In all five rounds, sampling methods and questionnaires were similar in the core and differed in some details that were added selectively in each round. The questionnaires were designed based on the GSHS and the WHO stepwise approach to non-communicable disease risk factor surveillance (STEPS) programs.
 
Conclusion: Considering the small variation in each series and compliance with the global model, it is suggested that the next CASPIAN survey be conducted according to the previous series in accordance with the standards presented in the global model in recent years in a reasonable interval from the 2015 survey.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2019/12/11 | Accepted: 2019/12/11 | Published: 2019/12/11

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