Volume 16, Issue 2 (Vol 16, No.2 2020)                   irje 2020, 16(2): 153-160 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Amini F, Abadi A, Namdari M, ghorbani Z, Azimi S. Investigation of Health, Safety and Environment Indicators in Tehran Municipality Organizations: Challenges, Weaknesses, Strengths and Corrective Strategies. irje. 2020; 16 (2) :153-160
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6593-en.html
1- MSc, in Biostatistics, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran;Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , a.abadi@sbmu.ac.ir
3- Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, Dept of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Assistant Professor, Dept of Community Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- PhD of Demography, Statistical Research and Training Center, Iran
Abstract:   (249 Views)
Background and Objectives: Cancer is a complex disease with a lengthy and expensive course of treatment that causes many problems for the community. Knowledge of oral cancer plays an important role in early diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine the level of knowledge about the symptoms and risk factors of oral cancer and assess the related factors.
 
Methods: In this study, 671 parents of primary school children were randomly selected from primary schools in four districts of Tehran. The participants were asked to answer questions related to demographic characteristics and knowledge of the risk factors and symptoms of oral cancer. Data analysis was done using Poisson regression model and multi-level Poisson regression model using SPSS and STATA software. The AICI Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) was applied to evaluate the models.
 
Results: The mean score of knowledge was 3.7 with a standard deviation of 6.7. Among the studied variables, female gender, advanced age, a higher SES score, and a higher welfare index had positive effects on oral cancer knowledge (P <0.05).
 
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that demographic, social and economic factors of parents were effective on oral cancer. It can be statistically concluded that a multilevel Poisson regression model is more suitable for analyzing this data.
 
Full-Text [PDF 664 kb]   (74 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2020/09/20 | Accepted: 2020/08/31 | Published: 2020/08/31

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Epidemiology

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb