Volume 16, Issue 2 (Vol 16, No.2 2020)                   irje 2020, 16(2): 161-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Garkaz O, Mehryar H, Khalkhali H, Salari Lak S. Determining the Days of Disability and the Severity of Injuries Caused by Driving Accidents in Patients Admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia in 2016. irje. 2020; 16 (2) :161-171
URL: http://irje.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6594-en.html
1- MSc of Epidemiology, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3- Professor of Biostatistics, Urmia University of Medical Sciences Urmia, Iran
4- Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Bironi Abu Rihani Street, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran , salari@iaut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (241 Views)
Background and Objectives: Traffic accidents are a leading cause of disability and mortality worldwide. This study was conducted to determine the days of disability and severity of injuries caused by traffic accidents in patients admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia in 2016.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 1705 traffic accident victims admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Urmia in 2016. Data were collected using a checklist containing demographic information, accident, severity of injury, and days of disability along with a telephone follow-up after 3 months upon return to work or school. The ISS (Injury Severity Score) was categorized from 1 to 6 according to the experts’ opinions.
Results: The results showed that 1231 subjects (72.1%) were male and the mean and SD age of the participants was 33.63 (30.00) years. Moreover, 77 (0.04%) of the subjects died and 593 (42.5%) resumed a normal life after two months. The mean time to resuming a normal life was 86.78 (24.104) days. Most of the subjects had mild limb injury, while the majority of the deaths had life-threatening injuries.
Conclusion: In this study, most of the victims were male, married, young, and concerned about financial compensation. The majority of the deceased had life-threatening injuries requiring vital measures to return to work quickly.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2020/09/20 | Accepted: 2020/08/31 | Published: 2020/08/31

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